Tuesday, March 15, 2011

World War 1 Lawrence of Arabia

"I consider him one of the greatest people in our time … We will never see his like again. His name will live in history. He will live in the annals of war. .. He will live in the legends of Arabia.  "-Winston Churchill

Thomas Edward Lawrence, or Lawrence Arabia  '  ', known professionally as one of the most celebrated figures in the first world war was also Lawrence. To this day has become a Lawrence name invoking images of adventure, desert, and the image of a mysterious figure who never fully understood. Known for his contacts with the warring Arab tribes against the Ottoman Empire, Lawrence became one of the leaders of the Arab revolt, which began in 1916.

Lawrence/public image was partly due to the large coverage of Thomas Lowell, who in time of war, photographed and filmed by Lawrence on campaign in Palestine. After the Lovell visited World War shows and narrating his film "Allenby in Palestine " and "Lawrence of Arabia ", making himself and Lawrence household names.

As a result, Arab nationalists after World War 1, Lawrence his recently received public prominence to further support promises Arabs during the first world war, which were brought to the imperial powers.

The great war

In the summer of 1914 was Lawrence a university post-graduate who had travelled extensively throughout the Ottoman Empire. In traveling across the Middle East, Lawrence was known to the Turkish and German authorities. Lawrence came into contact with the German and Ottoman technical advisors who were building the Berlin to Baghdad railway, which was designed to unite and solidify the Ottoman Empire. This contact with the central power of civil servants and the railway was to be a significant advantage to Lawrence in the coming years.

Volunteering for the war effort, Lawrence was posted to the intelligence staff of the general officer commanding Middle East-based in Cairo. Lawrence, the first-hand experience and travels to the Middle East has proved invaluable to the allies, the Foreign Office of the Arab Bureau was set up "to take advantage of the original Arab tribes felt resentment against their Turkish overlords.

Guerilla campaign to support and finance support for outside powers, violence against the Turks, by the end of the term would be to redirect efforts and Turkey away from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and her allies. The costs would have riots in Subjugating the Ottoman allies were significantly higher costs the sponsoring undertaking.

Between 1916 and 1918, Lawrence fought with and led the Arab irregular troops in guerrilla operations against the forces of Turkey extended. Convince the Arabs not to attack the Turks head, Lawrence instigated the Arab attacks on the route of supply turkeys, the Hejaz railway. Was allowed Lawrence  pre-war experiences with Turkey's vital rail  Arab forces to maximize hit and run tactics of the Turkish troops, which linked which have been forced to protect the vital railway and its links.


In the spring of 1917, Lawrence planned a joint attack by Arab forces and Arabs Hareth Howetat which was under the leadership of Auda Abu Tayi in the strategically located but lightly defended coastal town of Aqaba. On 6 July, after a surprise attack and monumentally thought, Aqaba fell to Lawrence and his forces. The attack and taking of Aqaba was considered a great success of the strategy as the Turks believed Aqaba only could be taken from the sea as the desert around Aqaba was impassable. After Aqaba, Lawrence was promoted major and the new Chief Commander of the Egyptian expeditionary force, General Sir Edmund Hanavi saw the value and enhanced the Laurence and tactics.

After the war, Allenby commented,  "I gave him a free hand. His co-operation was marked by the utmost loyalty, and I never had anything but praise for his work, which was in fact invaluable throughout the campaign.  "

During the remainder of 1917, the Arab forces gradually pushed back mode with AF and caused irreparable damage to the war effort in the Middle East Turkey. However, the winds blow policy against Arabs and their cause.

In the last year of the war, Lawrence frantically trying to make good on promises to do the Arabs. Drive direction and the capture of Damascus in the final weeks of the war saw Lawrence's foster-Col. and design of the provisional Government of the Arab with Prince Feisal Ibn Hussein on his head.

Despite all Lawrence's efforts, all his and Arabic profits apart would come in the last year of the war. Close of the war tried Lawrence, with success and failure, to convince the British high command, that Arab independence in Britain's was in while interests. Further to this reminds, the political and military figures of the "Hussein-McMahon" that were signed between the British Government and Arab officials in 1915. " Agreement stressed that if the Arabs of Turkey from the Middle East with the support of the allies forced the allies of an Arab State would guarantee.

The secret Sykes-Picot agreement between France and the United Kingdom and the subsequent Balfour Declaration signed between Britain and Jewish officials contradicted previous promises that were given to the Arabs and the promises of Arab independence.

The political turmoil and military stretched all parties involved, including Lawrence. Shortly before arriving in Damascus, the Arab Army fell on a Turkish retreat and column orders Lawrence massacred the Turks. Pictures of Lawrence took Damascus in 1918 a man physically and mentally straining on the edge of sanity.

In the years after the war Lawrence worked as part of the delegation of the Arab/related to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Prince Feisal  rule as King of Syria came to abrupt end in 1920 as the French forces under the command of General Mariano Goybet defeated Arab forces and entered Damascus. France  's campaign broke forever Lawrence  's vision of independent Arab Arabia.

The growth of nationalism empires in the wake of the smash and grab of the empires, colonial and political relations; Lawrence is resulted in the determination of the Arabs to win the first world war. Between 1920 and 1922, Lawrence and Gertrude Bell served as advisors to Churchill, who oversaw the Cairo Conference, which was organized to solve problems factious between parties following the breakup of the Ottoman Empire.

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History Of World War 2 and D Day

At 06: 30 the first landing craft came down to the beach of Omaha & Utah. Omaha Beach was the most fortified of all beaches with high Bluffs containing mortars, machine gun nests and artillery by many. Presumably weakened pre-identified on naval and aerial bombardment, Defense proved ineffective, as many of the dams were hopelessly off target, causing loss of allies.

To support the landing forces should 16 specifically amphibious Sherman DD tanks developed tanks (duplex drive) are called. The 16 due to Omaha land only made it two actually on the beach, with the rest of the strong currents fight coast capsized and sank enemy machine gun troops leave hopelessly, exposed to fire are.

It is said in the first few hours of the start of the Americans had accumulated to 5000 casualties on Omaha Beach on its own. In comparison with the difficulties faced in Omaha, victims of the Utah were significantly smaller with only 197 of the 23000 aterrizadas troops. Lightly defended German Americans faster than expected made light work of the pockets of resistance that they found and in the afternoon they had achieved in linking with some elements of the 101st Airborne Division.

Around the same time fighting the first wave of troops on Omaha Beach, US Army Rangers commanded by James Earl Rudder, were trying to scale the cliffs between Utah Beach and Omaha named Pointe du Hoc. The reason for this operation was to deal guns 155 mm housed there, not the disabled could prevent serious landing on Utah and Omaha Beach. Actual operation was supposed to begin before the landings of the beach, however, due to strong currents and the problems of navigation operation was delayed by at least 40 minutes, thereby losing the element of surprise.

Ultimately Rangers began to scale cliffs backed by two Allied destroyers in preventing weapons of defenders cliff top shooting down ascending climbers. When the Rangers reach the Summit of their mission, they found that guns were nowhere to be found. In fact, they have been moved on June 4, under the orders of field Marshall Erwin Rommel. Poor weather conditions before the invasion had prevented any flights Recon planned, which would have shown clearly that the batteries were not in Pointe du Hoc. Once regrouped Rangers went in search of arms, which have been found nearby and destroyed with thermite grenades.

World War 2 and Pearl Harbor - The Internment of the Japanese

7 December 1941 at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, which attacked the American naval base of Japanese forces in WW2, effectively. After the Japanese citizens in the UNITED States West Coast, as a matter of who "had shifted to" was thought to be the national security. This is the subject of much debate in concentration camps. Compare them with many of the concentration camps of the Nazi regime, but others see them as the "summer camps is pretty light."A farewell to Manzanar, this was a holiday camps in remote you can clearly see the autobiography and reviewing the Government's response to the fields of relocation in the post war often can see the history of modern American thought by examining a stain on the Course to by.There are concentration camps, but the relocation and internment of Japanese historians argue that the Defense had precisely during the second world war.

Immediately after Pearl Harbor, there was fear that the Japanese empire is planning a full scale Naval attack on the West coast of the United States of America. This suspicion of leading u.s. Government unconstitutional move and kept 120,000 Japanese. These approximately sixty two percent are American citizens. Feelings were that citizenship, itself does not provide a loyalty to the United States. Jeanne Wakatsuki, and her family were non-US citizens and because her father had a fishing boat, the FBI excluded him as a possible Japanese Devotee. Easy to look back on the past situation with 20/20 vision, is, if one separates of the outcome of the war, it is easy to understand the suspicion Japanese people. With a very strong Navy, attack in the West of the USA with the Japanese would have devastating consequences for the country, is a completely different beast all together to detain people for years, at the mere suspicions. In fact, Jeanne Wakatsuki was only seven years old when the first and she didn't even speak the Japanese language. How can you justify the detainment of seven years who do not speak the language and have no contact with her relatives in Japan?

80. the Government shall be determined in accordance with the Commission, examine the logs on the American investigation of the matter. The Committee shall be determined on the basis of the concentration camp was "unjust and motivated by racism rather than real military necessity. There are two fronts ", Europe and the Pacific, fought for retreat. Although the Germans and the Italians, who were not American citizens, who also moved to United States citizens but only to the Italian or European origin is not affected. This fact alone proves that the Japanese were racially fit precisely on the basis of Asian appearance. Civil Liberties Act of 1988 introduced vis-à-vis each twenty thousand dollars for their surviving MORE hardship, as compensation. Most can look back and to complain to the embarrassment of what happened in the modern era. However, I have just been through ingestion. Japanese secrets in the case of racial profiling, which, due to the fact that 11 September 2001 had great political debate on the subject of this country. Shortly after the terrorist attacks, most people found problems with the Arabs during the racial profile of airport security they believe the document national security and to prevent another terrorist attack was anticipatory measure. The Americans will look back on these times forty years later, just as happened in the Japanese concentration camp, and with the regret their beliefs?

History of Greece Before World War 1

Most people already know a bit of Greece. Such as Athens and his incredible contributions to art philosophy architecture and democracy. If Sparta who bred and trained each and every one of its citizens to be of the greatest warriors of the ancient world had ever seen. But what about after that. What happened after Alexander the great and the powerful Roman Empire? That  of what this article is about.

Greece before the eleventh century was the centre piece of the Byzantine Empire. But this began to change in the 13th century, when Constantinople was captured in the Fourth Crusade by invading the Latins. Although the Byzantines are able to eventually take back their city area remain a battlefield. Especially with the arrival of the Ottoman Empire.

In the Balkans, the Ottoman Turks and that Greece is soon the sights. However, the reprieve, the ottomans attacked to the East of the Mongols. When the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans and Greece start again move your reign belongs and who does not stand in the way of the Hungarians is intensified.

The Greeks were able to demand independence in 1821. Prior to that there are dozens of special regimes from rich families, Greece has been trying to steal from oppression. However, a group of Greeks in the Russian port of Odessa on the coast of the dead sea works on a large scale as they March to the South as an army with Russian support. March 25 1821 inspired by this Army led by Alexander Ypsilantis, Greece increases as one despite the fact that the mission failed. The Ottomans responded quickly but are confused by the guerrilla tactics of the Greeks.

Revolutionists in Greek is not only outnumbered but to make matters worse the revolution fight each other the most bleakest aspects when large army from Egypt to help Ottomans However even this army and the Navy can't completely stop the revolution.

England is very impressed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece and England are very impressed. So England through Russia and France together to bring a large fleet to help Greece. Originally the goal was just to scare the Navy of the Ottoman Empire, however, instead they engage the Ottoman fleet and win a great victory, sinking 60 ships and killing 8,000 troops of the enemy with little loss. This is a turning point for the Greeks.

But the war lasts 5 years Greece becomes a nation of himself and his first king is a seventeen-year-old boy Otto of Bavaria. Although for the most part, Otho  's (may be spelled, Otto Otho or Ottone liveliness but usually in English) is a good reign of the judges. But the beginning and end is not so good. Although he accepted a Constitution he tries constantly to bring Greece back to an autocracy and he eventually disposed of.

The next King is a Danish Prince, and he is crowned George i. George the first priority is to bring all that was once Greece back under Greek control. In a sense he continues the Greek war of independence. He is able to take several of the Greek islands including Crete, in addition to Macedonia in the North. He does this through a mix of war and politics.


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